Persecutions in Mecca
1. Mohammed was not really persecuted in Mecca. He was thrown out of town because he told people not to worship the old gods. The weaker followers got killed.
2. He fled to Medinah. In 630 A.D. he went back to Mecca with his army and concoured Mecca.
1. Hijira: The Hijira is when Mohammed and all his followers left Mecca because of the persecutions.
2.The Medinah Charter: A document of mohammed governing relation between the believers.
3.Was Mohammeds closest friend and the first muslim caliph.
War between Mecca and Medinah
1.Mohammed was thrown out of Mecca because he tried to teach monotonous. He fled to Medinah to carry on his teachings. In 624 mohammeds army attacked and conquered Medinah. They had another fight 627 which Mohammed won again. The war between Mecca and Medinah ended in 630.
2.Mohammed had 3,000 men on his side and Mecca had 10,000. He was not welcome in Mecca.
Early Muslim Conquests
1.He was chosen to be the first since he said he would follow prophet Mohammeds steps. Many people liked Mohammed so that is why Abu Bakr was the first Muslim Caliph.
2.He united Arabia under his Faith, and he became the first muslim Caliph.
3. One of them is if people don’t want to fight in the war for God, God will kill them. The other one is if weakness spreads among the people God will bring disaster upon all of them.
1.Jihad:The best followers in a religion.
2.Succession: Means success
Umar and Utham
1a.Umar was born in a Quarish family. He could read and write unlike Mohammed. Umar became a Caliph. He gave the people many rights, for example, “If you come to my office with a complainment you will leave satisfied. Umar expanded Islam into more countries.
2a. He expanded Islam. This was important so that their religion would grow bigger and bigger.